Hamrodog merodog

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For any required information Towards Dog please contact to 9851016539


please call for any information required to your dog -9851016539


P : ma chahi vane timi lai vetinchha vani timro ghar bahira kurne, timi vane malai tarsauna compound ma german shepard chhod ne.


vaccinate your dog and be safe yourself. Altho dog is our best friend but we should be careful against rabies, parvo virus, hepatites and some skin infection of dog .


Grooming sessions can become a special bonding time between you and your dog and are also a good opportunity to check on your dog’s health. Look carefully for signs of fleas, ticks, skin irritations, lumps or sore spots. Check your dog's ears, eyes and teeth regularly and consult your vet about any unusual findings.


Dogs and humans have been best friends for long. While dogs give unconditional love, loyalty and friendship to their owners, the owners are, in turn, responsible for their proper care, food and water, shelter, safety, regular veterinary care and exercise. In fact, if you do not undertake proper care of your dog, it is not only likely to suffer from physical problems, but behavioral problems as well. In this context, there are some dog-care basics that you need to follow. In order to help you out in the task, we have listed a number of dog caring tips, in the lines below.

How To Care For Dogs
Collar your dog and attach an ID to it, with the dog's name, your name, address, and telephone number written on it. The ID will prove to be a great help if, and when, your dog ends up getting lost. Through the information provided on the ID, someone will able to bring your pet safely back to your home.
Bathing your dog at regular intervals is necessary. However, giving it a bath on an exceedingly frequent basis can dry out its skin and coat and result in skin infections. The best bet would be to bathe your dog once in a month. In case it gets too dirty in-between, rub it with a damp towel or wash just the paws.
While bathing the dog frequently is not advisable, you should definitely groom it on a daily basis. Move a brush or comb through the hair of your dog, ensuring that its coat remains smooth and free of tangles. Grooming of a dog can be started when it is 3-4 months old and continues throughout its life.
It is necessary to undertake a proper physical examination of your dog on a monthly basis. Check the pad of its feet for any injuries and also undertake an oral examination of its mouth. At the same time, make sure to keep its ears as well as teeth clean. You need to take your dog for regular veterinarian check-ups as well, say every 2-3 months.
One of the main points that you need to keep in mind, while taking care of your dog, comprises of its diet. Remember, a nutritionally balanced diet, with constant access to fresh water, is as good for your dog as it is for you. Before deciding on the proper diet for your dog, it is advisable to consult a veterinary doctor.
If you want your dog to remain fit and healthy, then you need to make sure that it gets a lot of exercise. Keeping its busy physically will also help keep behavioral problems at bay. You can take him for walk twice a day or play with him. In this context, remember that the level of exercise that your dog should get depends upon its breed and age.
While some people prefer to keep their dog free throughout the day, others prefer to keep it tied for majority of the time. It is advisable not to keep your dog constantly tied up, as this will lead to boredom and result in bad temper of the dog as well. As much as possible, keep your dog free of the leash.
If you do not want to breed your dog, get it neutered, after consulting a veterinary doctor. It will help the dog live longer, be healthier and have fewer behavior problems. You should also get your dogs vaccinated against rabies and other diseases. It is necessary to ensure the health of your dog as well as those who come in contact with it.
You need to provide proper shelter for your dog, mainly in the form of a dog house (and fence yard, in case of large and active dogs). However, most of the dogs crave companionship and do not like to be alone for long periods. So, try to spend as much time with your dog as possible and make it go into the dog house at night only.


A door is what a dog is perpetually on the wrong side of.

Hamrodog merodog
Hamrodog merodog

Hamrodog merodog

Hamro Dog MeroDog is purely dedicated service towards Dog inside kathmandu valley for more information please contact -9851016539


There are more than 20,000 street dogs in urban Kathmandu, and over 35,000 in the Kathmandu Valley. Every year, around 200 Nepali people die of rabies (most of whom are children) and 16,000 are treated for dog bites.


From the dog's point of view, his master is an elongated and abnormally cunning dog. ~Mabel Louise Robinson

My little dog - a heartbeat at my feet. ~Edith Wharton

Scratch a dog and you'll find a permanent job. ~Franklin P. Jones

If you think dogs can't count, try putting three dog biscuits in your pocket and then giving Fido only two of them. ~Phil Pastoret

Did you ever notice when you blow in a dog's face he gets mad at you? But when you take him in a car he sticks his head out the window. ~Steve Bluestone

Dogs are not our whole life, but they make our lives whole.
~Roger Caras

The most affectionate creature in the world is a wet dog.
~Ambrose Bierce

Anybody who doesn't know what soap tastes like never washed a dog. ~Franklin P. Jones

A cat, after being scolded, goes about its business. A dog slinks off into a corner and pretends to be doing a serious self-reappraisal. ~Robert Brault

Happiness is a warm puppy. ~Charles M. Schulz

A door is what a dog is perpetually on the wrong side of.
~Ogden Nash

The reason a dog has so many friends is that he wags his tail instead of his tongue. ~Author Unknown

Whoever said you can't buy happiness forgot little puppies.
~Gene Hill

A dog teaches a boy fidelity, perseverance, and to turn around three times before lying down. ~Robert Benchley

To sit with a dog on a hillside on a glorious afternoon is to be back in Eden, where doing nothing was not boring - it was peace.
~Milan Kundera

If you can look at a dog and not feel vicarious excitement and affection, you must be a cat. ~Author Un


Where Did Parvovirus Come From ?

Although dog parvovirus is a relatively new disease, cats have always had their parvovirus - We call it panleukopenia . Related parvovirus affect many other animals as well ( including mink, cows, pigs and humans). However, most parvovirus are choosy about the animal species they attack.

When a new virus disease appears, one of three things has happened; changes in the distribution of animals has made new susceptible animal populations available, the virus has jumped from one species to another, or the virus has mutated from a mild to a more threatening form. Most veterinarians believe that parvovirus of dogs probably jumped to dogs from another animal. Suspicion fell on the cat (ref) ,although we will never know for sure. Sometimes a leap from one species to another is more of a hop-scotch between species, the virus slowly changing its characteristics as it moves from closely to less closely related hosts (animal species). So some believe that the virus hopped from cats to, perhaps some intermediate wild species (fox, mink?) before reappearing in households with the ability to infect dogs. (ref) (Similar things are though to occur with the human flu. ref)

Are There Unique Things About The Parvovirus That Make It Particularly Dangerous ?

Yes, there are two principle reasons. Parvovirus is particularly difficult to kill and the virus is programmed to attack the very cells designated to protect the dog’s body from infection.

A third troubling ability of the virus is its capacity to “reinvent” itself from time to time through its high rate of natural mutation along with its ability to merge with other strains of parvovirus that it encounters (recombinant forms). You can read about that extraordinary ability here.

Is There More Than One Strain Of Dog Parvo ?

Yes, There are many strains of dog parvovirus and new ones are continually forming.

The first dog parvo, isolated (CPV1) in the 1960s did not appear to cause serious disease. Within a few years (1978), however, it had mutated into CPV2, with the ability to kill dogs of all ages. (Remember, we had no vaccines in those days and even adult dogs were susceptible). Canine parvovirus 2 was soon replaced by CPV-2a . In those days, destruction of the hearts of very young puppies born to unprotected mothers was not uncommon (ref 1, ref 2)

It wasn’t long (1984) before the virus mutated again. This strain was designated CPV-2b. Both CPV-2a and CPV-2b are still circulating among dogs. In 2008, a third form, CPV2c was isolated from dogs in Italy and quite soon, it was found in the US, UK, Spain, Vietnam and South America as well. Certain dog CPV 2 forms have even regained their ability to infect cats while others are now a significant cause of death in urban raccoons. (ref)

You can read about its remarkable “shape shifting” in detail in an article here. The wild parvovirus strains have even successfully combined with the weakened virus used in vaccines to prevent it to form newer variants.

Do Current Vaccines Protect Against All Strains Of Dog Parvo - Even The Newest Ones ?

Veterinarians believe that they do.

The American Veterinary Medical Association states: “Although there is no vaccine to specifically prevent CPV-2c infection, studies have shown that all of the currently available vaccines produced by the five major vaccine manufacturers (Fort Dodge Animal Health, Intervet, Merial, Pfizer and Schering-Plough), when administered appropriately, provide excellent immunity to all variants of the canine parvovirus.” You can read a study that generally confirms that here.

Does Parvo Appear To Be More Severe In Certain Breeds ?

Veterinarians have often remarked that they see Doberman and Rottweiler puppies ill with parvo more frequently than they should. (ref) Others report seeing the disease more frequently and with more severe consequences in Rotties, Dobies, German Shepherds and Pit Bull terriers.

It is unknown if these breeds are actually more susceptible to the virus or if the common lifestyle of those breeds might bring them into more contact with the virus. We do know that Dobermans and Rottweilers have inter-mixed genetics based on photos of them from the 1890s and that many of them also share a genetic tendency to intestinal and other bleeding. (ref 1, ref 2)

Is Parvovirus Today Primarily A Disease of Puppies and Adolescent Dogs ?


When parvo first appeared, no dogs had immunity to it. So it infected the young and the old in equal frequency. Today, it is puppies between the age of 6 weeks and 6 months that are most at risk. That is because the parvo virus now lurks everywhere. By now, the majority of dogs over the age of six months have either been vaccinated against it, or they have survived a milder case of the natural disease. So it is dogs under the age of six months that are most likely to contract it. Puppies under 6-8 weeks of age are usually protected by their mother’s residual immunity that lingers in their bodies; so they are less likely to catch it as well.

Can Pets Other Than Dogs Catch Parvo - What About Me ?

Humans are not susceptible to canine parvovirus infection. We have our own, unique parvovirus. (ref) It is possible to infect abnormal human tissue cells experimentally with parvovirus, you can read about that here if you wish. (probably a really foolish thing to have been done outside of Biohazard Level 4 facilities)

Cat parvovirus (panleukopenia) was not able to infect dogs. However, at least some stains of dog parvovirus have regained the ability to infect cats. (ref)
Because parvoviruses are constantly combining and rearranging their genetic structure (genome) I would not count on the rules of the past being the rules of the future.

Somewhere in it journey from dogs to cats, parvovirus took a side trip to raccoons. Parvovirus is now second only to distemper in the number of raccoons it kills. But it does not appear that the current common strains of raccoon parvovirus are very infectious for dogs or vice versa – each has adapted in its own way.

Ferrets have their own unique parvovirus – the Aleutian Disease virus - that can affect all weasel-like animals (mustella). But there is a 2011 report of dog parvovirus affecting another type of mustella in China, the masked civet. (ref) That is only a single article. But I would be cautious about exposing my ferrets, pet skunks or zoo animals to dog parvovirus - we already know how easily it has jumped between species in the past.

My advice would be to vaccinate all carnivorous mammals against their unique parvovirus when that is possible – or to a killed vaccine available for the most similar species of animal to it. Killed parvovirus vaccines have become hard to find and one must be cautious in usine live virus vaccine in species it was not designed for. (Wildlife rehabilitators in Florida use canine Galaxy® DA2PPvL successfully to immunize their raccoons.)

Where Do Dogs Catch Parvo ?

How Long Does The Virus Persist Where A Sick Dog Had Been ?

Once a natural setting has been contaminated with the feces of a dog shedding the parvo virus, that area is infectious to un-immunized dogs for at least 6 months.
There are many factors that prevent me from giving you an exact length of time – the presence of grime, soil and porosity of the area, the temperature/time of year, the amount of rain that washes over the area, the amount of sunshine the area receives, etc. You can read about some of the conditions that influence the survival time of this group of virus here.

So any place frequented by dogs, especially young, unvaccinated dogs, is also frequented by parvovirus. The less the ability or willingness to sanitize these areas, the greater the threat. The vaccines sold today to protect dogs are superb in their protection. If you use common sense in isolating your puppy until the vaccine has time to work, and purchase or adopt your puppy from a conscientious source, your pets should never encounter it.

do not think you can just avoid those critically-timed parvovirus vaccinations and get by, by avoid exposing your dog to the parvovirus – Your pet will almost certainly encounter it at some point in its life

You might say “I never let my puppies fraternize with sick dogs so I will be OK”. That is not true. Many dogs in the process of shedding the virus look perfectly healthy. They shed the virus in their stools for up to 6 weeks after getting over the initial infection and in some dogs, initial infection is hardly noticeable.

There are innumerable other ways a virus can get from one dog to another, on contaminated shared objects, borne on the feet of houseflies, tracked in on your shoes, etc. But those are not how most dogs become infected. Most catch it by sniffing or ingesting stool-contaminated material passed by another dog not far from where that dog lived or passed by.

What If I Have Decided To Get My Dog From An Animal Shelter ?

Young dogs that end up at animal shelters tend to be brought there from situations where sanitation, worming and vaccination is poor. In a Florida animal shelter, only about a third of the dogs that passed through it were immune to parvo. Those tended to be the dogs over one year of age. If you intend to adopt from a municipal shelter, consider an older dog. If you want a puppy, see if the animal control warden will alert you to a litter of puppies before they pass through their facility. Dogs that have spent four or more weeks in a typical shelter or pound usually have already caught and recovered from parvo - there or before they came there.

When parvo does occur in animal shelter dogs, it tends to be more severe because those dogs are often parasitized, nutritionally deprived and under extreme stress and crowding. See if the staff will work with you by vaccinating young dogs with a quality vaccine and then keeping the young dog at the facility for 12-14 days after you have made a commitment to adopt it. One to two weeks after vaccination a puppy 14 weeks or older is very unlikely to ever develop parvo.

You can read more about parvo in animal shelter situations here.

How Long Might It Take After My Dog Is Exposed To Parvo For It To Appear ill ?

It takes 3-7 days after a dog is exposed to parvovirus for it to appear ill. After the virus enters the dog’s mouth, it sets up housekeeping in the lymphoid tissue of the dog’s throat.
From then on the virus spreads to all rapidly dividing cells in the dog’s body. The cells lining the dog’s intestines and those in its bone marrow fit that bill.

During those initial 1-7 days, dogs may look fine; but they can infect other dogs with parvovirus.

What Is Happening Inside My Dog That Is Making It Feel So Bad ?

Parvovirus destroys rapidly proliferating (cells increasing in number) tissues – the ones where cell turnover is high. This is especially true in the crypts (valleys) present in the dog’s small intestinal lining. Ulceration of those areas results in a severe tummy ache, and diarrhea that can be anything from a bit of mucus to outright bloody. Diarrhea and vomiting quickly dehydrate the dog and lead to acid-base disturbances.

At the same time, the virus attacks the pet’s bone marrow. This results in a drop in the number of defensive white blood cells in its circulation (neutrophils, lymphocytes). Many of these dogs run fevers and in all but the mildest cases, the dogs stop eating and become very depressed. Bacteria are now free to enter the pet’s blood stream through its ulcerated intestines and its damaged immune system cannot respond.

You can read more about that process at work in parvovirus infection here and here .

If My Dog Catches Parvo, What Signs Will I See ?

Parvo is a roller coaster ride downward with but one dip and a bottom that one cannot predict. The depth of that bottom depends on your dog’s age and general health, the number and strain of parvovirus involved, any partial immunity it acquired from its dame and, of course, the veterinary care that it receives.

Parvo comes on abruptly. The first sign of clinical parvovirus disease is always a mopy (lethargic) dog. In serious cases, that quickly progresses to outright depression. These dogs have no interest in eating. They may approach their food and water dishes half-heartedly to sniff now and then, but the progressing inflammation of their intestines has taken away their appetite.

The absorptive portion of your pet’s intestines (small intestine) are lined with small finger-like projections called villi and interspersed valleys called crypts that aid in the absorption of food nutrients. It is here that parvovirus does its worst damage. Because cells in these villi reproduce rapidly, they are a prime target for the virus. The villi in dogs with parvo disease have a distinctive “clubbed” or blunted appearance due to their inability to regenerate themselves. They begin to “leak” loose their integrity as a barrier to bacterial infection, food absorption and body fluid retention.

As that inflammation and intestinal damage progresses, these dogs develop diarrhea with a particularly offensive and distinctive odor. Depending on the severity of the case, diarrhea might only be mucoid or it might contain considerable blood. Vomiting soon begins as well. Their abdomens are usually tight and tucked in.

These dogs usually have an initial fever spike. But it can pass rapidly enough for the pet’s body temperature to be normal or subnormal by the time its temperature is measured.

Any dog that vomits, develops diarrhea and has no inclination to drink or eat, quickly becomes dehydrated and looses weight. That is true in parvo as well. So the skin of these dogs looses its normal elasticity and the pet’s eyes are often sunken. This leads to a medial canthal exudate at the inner corner of your dog's eyes.

There are dogs, particularly small puppies, which do not survive this initial phase. Their body reserves are just to limited to battle the virus. Some actually die before diarrhea begins. Other things being equal, severity and outcome of parvovirus infection has a lot to do with the age of the dog involved. Healthy adult dogs that become infected can show few if any symptoms at all.

The changes that occur in the sick pet’s immunological system are less apparent to you, but very important. Because parvo attacks the rapidly dividing immunological cells of your pet’s bone marrow and thymus gland, white blood cells (particularly lymphocytes) are not produced nor do they circulate in sufficient numbers in the pet’s blood. (= leukopenia, lymphopenia).

When dogs die from parvovirus infection, they do so due to the shock these two phenomenon, intestinal destruction and immunological destruction produce. When dogs recover from parvovirus infection, it is because their immune system was able to recover and respond with protective antibodies. Good veterinary supportive care is what can tip the balance one way or the other. In my experience, dogs that survive the first eight days of symptoms usually recover. Fatal parvo is a steep steady slope downward. I have also noticed that dogs that look no worse two or three days in a row are almost certain to survive when good nursing care is provided.

When puppies are born to mothers with little or no parvovirus immunity, their heart muscle can also be a target of the virus. Early in the parvo epidemic, cases of heart muscle destruction (myocarditis) and sudden death due to parvovirus infection of infant (neonate) puppies was more common than it is now. A rare, skin form or parvo has also been reported. (ref)

Some dogs with parvo become anemic. But anemia is not a constant symptom of parvo infection.

Four factors govern the severity of the disease: age at exposure, the size of the virus dose, the presence of maternal antibody, and the breed of dog involved.






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